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Timeline of Events        
Spring Creek Watershed Community  
Friday, 17 September 2004
Spring Creek Watershed Timeline
United States Year Spring Creek Watershed,

Federal Water Pollution Control Act establishes the Clean Water Act with the goal of fishable, swimmable waters by 1980 with the Environmental Protection Agency as its steward.


Toxic levels of kepone and myrex from NeaseChemical pollute Spring Creek.

Throughout the 1980s, EPA begins to address nonpoint source runoff with voluntary efforts and stormwater runoff with regulatory approach.


The ClearWater Conservancy of Central Pennsylvania is born with a vision for protecting the community's valuable land and water resources.



Pennsylvania Fish Commission establishes a No-Kill Zone due to kepone and mirex contamination of fish tissue. The zone extended from the bridge at Oak Hall downstream to the confluence with Bald Eagle Creek in Milesburg.

First Spring Creek Day held at Fisherman's Paradise.

Chesapeake Bay Program is established by the governors of Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia and District of Columbia. www.chesapeakebay.net
Chesapeake Bay Program agreement establishes goals for controlling and reducing point- and nonpoint source pollution

EPA shifts from mandate approach (program by program, source by source, pollutant by pollutant focus) to "watershed based" strategies.


The Spring Creek Coalition formed with representatives from different special environmental interest groups, including the Centre County Conservation District, League of Women Voters of Centre County, Centre County Federation of Sportsman's Clubs, Moshannon Chapter of the Sierra Club, Spring Creek Chapter of Trout Unlimited, and the ClearWater Conservancy at the table. By 1994, the Coalition disbanded.


Centre County Natural Heritage Inventory published. Spring Creek corridor and tributaries identified as significant ecosystem hosting plants and animals of concern.


PA DEP classifies Spring Creek a High Quality Cold Water Fishery.

Spring Creek Corridor Phase I sparks public interest in protecting and enhancing stream areas. Phase I gives birth to a Rivers Conservation Plan that will continue to take form for the next 10 years.

EPA and PA DEP identify Spring Creek watershed as candidate for organizing "watershed-based" strategies for stream protection.


ClearWater is urged by PA DEP and EPA to take the lead on helping initiate a "watershed-based" protection program.

Centre County Board of Commissioners agrees to support ClearWater Conservancy's grant application to the Countryside Institute to propose Spring Creek Watershed as participant in Chesapeake Bay International Stewardship Exchange.

Spring Creek Watershed and Wicomico Watershed (Eastern shore, MD) selected to host Countryside Stewardship International Exchange. International team visits Spring Creek Watershed, analyzes issues, and delivers recommendations to the community. Highest priorities: watershed planning and coordination, impacts of I-99.

DEP provides watershed seed grant to ClearWater Conservancy to provide support to fledgling Watershed Community.


Spring Creek Watershed Community is born from the Exchanges' Local Organizing Committee.

Spring Creek Watershed Commission is created by the Centre County Board of Commissioners to coordinate and assist with the implementation of watershed activities that require local government action.

First issue of Springs&Sinks, the Spring Creek Watershed Community's newsletter, is published.

I-99 Community Partnership for Sustainable Development is co-created by the Watershed Commission and the Watershed Community. This Partnership initiates the Vision 2020: Living with I-99 project.

First Spring Creek Watershed Cleanup Day initiated by the Spring Creek Watershed Community.

The Spring Creek Watershed Community initiates the Water Resources Monitoring Project to establish baseline water quality and quantity data for Spring Creek and its tributaries.
Chesapeake Bay Agreement signed by the governors of Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, and the District of Columbia to rededicate their commitment to the restoration and protection of the ecological integrity, productivity, and beneficial uses of the Chesapeake Bay system.

ClearWater Conservancy begins developing governmental commitment to watershed management planning in the Spring Creek Watershed.

Spring Creek Watershed boundary sign installed.

ClearWater Conservancy completes I-99 Overlay District Model Ordinance, created to provide guidance for development at I-99 interchanges in Centre County. Ordinance later adopted by Benner, Marion, Patton, and Spring, Townships.


Spring Creek Rivers Conservation Plan is completed by ClearWater Conservancy.

Spring Creek is listed on the Pennsylvania Rivers Registry.

Spring Creek Watershed Commission initiates the Spring Creek Watershed Plan. ClearWater Conservancy facilitates the watershed planning effort on their behalf.


DEP announces 16.2 miles of Spring Creek Watershed streams are impaired.

Act 167 Stormwater Management Plan for the Spring Creek Watershed is completed by Centre County Planning Office on behalf of the Spring Creek Watershed Commission.


The Nittany and Bald Eagle Valley Greenway Plan is completed by Centre County Planning Office on behalf of the Spring Creek Watershed Commission.


Vision 2020: Living with I-99 Land Use and Sustainability Plan is completed by ClearWater Conservancy.

DEP completes its implementation and permitting strategy for the EPA NPDES Phase II stormwater regulations, requiring municipalities in census-designated "urbanized areas" to obtain NPDES permit coverage for municipal separate storm sewer systems (MS4s) and implement a program of best management practices for improving and maintaining the quality of stormwater discharges.

Act 220 establishes a water resources planning program in DEP utilizing a collaborative process to prepare and update a comprehensive State Water Plan that includes such components as an inventory of surface and ground water resources including safe yields, identification of potential conflicts among water users, identification of critical water planning areas, and an assessment of water resources needed to serve unique natural areas.


National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Phase II permits are issued to five Spring Creek Watershed municipalities (College, Harris, Ferguson, and Patton Townships and the Borough of State College), Penn State University, and Rockview Correctional Institute.

Under Act 220, representatives of the Spring Creek watershed are appointed by the Governor to serve on the Upper/Middle Susquehanna Regional Committee to develop the regional plan components of the State Water Plan.

Approximately 900,000 cubic yards of pyretic rock is unearthed during PennDOT's construction of I-99 at Skytop causing acid rock drainage in the Buffalo Run and Bald Eagle Creek watersheds.

Spring Creek Watershed Commission completes the Spring Creek Watershed Plan.
Last Updated ( Friday, 17 September 2004 )

Watershed Challenges

  • Riparian Protection

  • Watershed Education
  • Land Use and Water Resource Planning
  • Stormwater Management
  • Stream Impairments/Nonpoint Source Pollution
  • Watershed Commission/Implementing Entity/Watershed Authority

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